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W3: 5G for Railways – Challenges and Opportunities for Operational and Passenger Connectivity - VTC2023-Spring

W3: 5G for Railways – Challenges and Opportunities for Operational and Passenger Connectivity

Co-chair: Marion Berbineau, Université Gustave Eiffel, France
Co-chair: Friederike Maier, Deutsche Bahn, Germany
Co-chair: Nazih Salhab, SNCF, France

Abstract: As the railway industry strives to improve customer experience, quality, reliability, safety and security of railway systems, we observe ever increasing information flows between all stakeholders. This trend is accentuated by the latest development of autonomous and connected trains that will need high-performance communications technologies such as 5G and beyond. Some challenges for 5G for railways include extreme mobility, robustness, reliability, high capacity everywhere, spectral efficiency, radio resource scarcity, low latency, low energy consumption and resilience to interference. Safety and security are among the top requirements for railways, including cybersecurity.

Evaluating the performance of 5G-based systems in the context of railway operation requires radio channel models for numerous environments and frequencies (900 MHz and 1900 MHz). Dedicated antennas need to be developed with adequate performance and placement. Innovative solutions at the network level are also needed: complex handover, scheduling aspects, as well as the incorporation of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and/or Network Function Virtualization (NFV). 5G and beyond architecture promises to deliver significant benefits, including but not limited to, improved service availability, increased reliability and higher throughput. The Internet of Things is also a hot topic for railway in the context of diagnosis and predictive maintenance of both track and rolling stock. At the same time, a lot of developments are currently ongoing to support the development and deployment of the Future Railway Mobile Communication System (FRMCS). This workshop will enable researchers to present the latest results addressing the aforementioned challenges in the context of 5G for railways within the FRMCS landscape.


08:30 – 09:00 : Registration and check in

09:00 –  09:05  Introduction of the day by the chairs

09:05 – 09:30 : Key note 1 : 5G-RACOM: Major milestones towards the FRMCS, Shirish Kendre, Deutsch Bahn

09:30 – 10:00 : 5GMED Seamless Connectivity for Digital Trains

10:00 – 10:30 : Key note 2 : 5G for CAM – addressing Rail, Jorge Pereira, DG Connect

10:30 – 11:00 break

11:00 – 11:30 : Experimental Trials for the Future Railway Mobile Communication System in 5GRail Project

11:30 – 12:00 : Field Evaluation of MCx Implementations for the Future Railway Mobile Communication System

12:00 – 12:30 : Train Antennas Requirements, Design and Integration for 5GRail Project

12:30 – 14:00  Lunch

14:00 – 14:30 : Key note 3  Railway cyber-security in the era of interconnected systems, Simone Soderi, IMT Lucca

14:30- – 15:00 : An MDP approach for radio resource allocation in urban Future Railway Mobile Communication System (FRMCS) scenarios

15:00 – 15h30 : Implementing Edge Computing architectures for railway applications: An example using the Emu5GNet platform

15:30 – 16:00 break

16:00 – 16:30: Adaptable Communications System for train remote driving

16:30 – 17:00: Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Assisted Railway Communications: A survey

17:00 – 17:30: A Sequence Spread Modulation Scheme Based on Orthogonal Time Frequency

Conclusions by the chairs


Mr. Shirish Kendre, received his MSc. from University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany, in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, after completing his Bachelors in Telecommunication from India, in 2008 and 2002 respectively. His expertise is in the field of Mobile communications. After working with different institutions/companies in the field of latest mobile technologies, he joined DB Netz AG in 2019, working on various pilot projects for the validation/PoC of 5G and FRMCS system.


Jorge Pereira, Principal Scientific Officer Future Connectivity Systems, European Commission, DG CONNECT

Jorge Pereira obtained the Engineering and M.Sc. degrees in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Lisbon, Portugal in 1983 and 1987, respectively, and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering-Systems from the University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, in 1993.

He has been with the European Commission since September 1996, becoming Principal Scientific Officer in 2005. He has been dealing with ICT, covering a broad variety of areas, with a focus on networking, devices, applications and services, experimentation, testing and validation, as well as deployment. He is, since 2016, in the area of Future Connectivity Systems, focusing on 5G and beyond, where he is responsible for the areas of Advanced Spectrum Management; optical-wireless convergence; private networks; Connected and Automated Mobility (CAM); and Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR).


Simone Soderi (SMIEEE) received his M.Sc. degree in 2002 from the University of Florence, Italy, and his Dr.Sc. Degree in 2016 from the University of Oulu, Finland. His skills range from cybersecurity and wireless communications to software engineering.

He is an Assistant Professor at IMT School for Advanced Studies Lucca and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Padua. His research topics include cybersecurity for critical infrastructure systems, 6G, covert channels, network security, physical layer security, electromagnetic emissions security, VLC, RIS, and UWB. He has been a TPC member of several conferences and is a reviewer of IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transport Systems, Transactions on Communications, IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine, PIMRC, and INFOCOM. In 2019-2020, he was the national coordinator of the CyberChallenge.IT. He also served on the 7th IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy 2022 in the Local Committee. Dr. Soderi published journal-conference papers and



Co-chair Bios:

Marion Berbineau:

Dr Marion Berbineau received the Engineer degree from Polytech’Lille (France) and the Ph.D. degree from the Univ. of Lille, both in electrical engineering, respectively in 1986 and 1989. She is a full time Research Director at Université Gustave Eiffel in France, in the Component and SYStem department. She is associated researcher at LEOST laboratory. She is expert in the fields of radio wave propagation and signal processing in transport environments (particularly in railway tunnels and high speed lines), electromagnetic modeling, channel characterization and modeling, MIMO, wireless systems for telecommunications, cognitive radio for railways and GNSS localization-based system for ITS particularly for the rail and public transport domains. She is responsible for Railway research coordination for the University. She is active as an expert for the GSM-R and FRMCS and future systems like 5G NR and beyond 5G. She is involved in several National and European research projects. She is author and co-author of several publications and patents. She is expert at the French national council for the railway system. She is on the reserve list of the Scientific Council of Shift2rail. She has been nominated as academic representative for the ERRAC steering committee.

Friederike Maier:

Dr Friederike Maier received the Engineer and Ph.D. degree from Leibniz University Hannover (Germany) respectively in 2007 and 2013. Her research was focus on multiantenna – technologies and channel evaluations in digital radio systems. After working at the German High Speed Train Operator DB Fernverkehr AG as an architect for vehicle IT and connectivity, she joined DB Netz AG 2022, working on standardisation and trialling of FRMCS.


Nazih Salhab:

Dr. Nazih SALHAB is a computer and communications engineer who has been working for more than 20 years in telecommunications and networking in operation management, business analysis, project management, and various technical roles. He is active in multiple roles in numerous conferences including Globecom, and ICC. He served as publication chair for several international conferences such as 6GNet, Network of the Future (NoF), Blockchain Research & Applications for Innovative Networks and Services BRAINS, Global Information Infrastructure and Networking (GIIS). His research interests are 5G+/6G, Cloud-RAN, Network Function Virtualization (NFV), Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and Orchestration/Automation/Machine Learning.


Workshop paper submissions Extended: 9 March 2023
Acceptance notification: 16 April 2023
Final paper submission due: 30 April 2023

To submit a paper to this workshop, please visit: