T7 Title: Theory and Applications for Joint State Sensing and Communications for Autonomous Vehicles
Organizer: Kumar Vijay Mishra
Organizer: M. R. Bhavani Shankar
Organizer: Mari Kobayashi
Abstract: In the automotive sector, state sensing and communication are two major tasks enabling future high-mobility applications. This field has, therefore, witnessed concerted and intense efforts towards realizing the joint radar-communications (JRC) systems for efficient utilization of limited spectrum. Most of the modern automotive JRC systems are envisaged to operate at millimeter-wave (mm-Wave). This band is characterized by severe penetration losses, short coherence times, and availability of wide bandwidth. While wide bandwidth is useful in attaining high vehicular communications data rates and high-resolution automotive radar, the losses must be compensated by using a large number of antennas at the transmitter and receiver. In this context, there is also recent research focus on joint multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)-Radar-MIMOCommunications (MRMC) systems.
These synergistic approaches that exploit the interplay between state sensing and communication are both driving factors and opportunities for many current signal processing and information-theoretic techniques. For example, while there are still many open challenges at mm-Wave JRC, it is already a precursor to sub-mm-Wave or Terahertz (THz) JRC, where futuristic short-range THz communications would coexist with low-THF (.1-1THz) automotive and imaging radars. At present, THz band is witnessing developments such as ultra-massive-MIMO systems which employ thousands of antennas in a few cms of aperture. Imaging with low-THz automotive radar is currently being investigated. Joint sensing and communications is also a growing area for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) such as drones.
This tutorial provides an in-depth overview of the theory and practice of various joint sensing and communications systems for automotive applications.
Bio: Kumar Vijay Mishra (S’08-M’15-SM’18) obtained Ph.D. in electrical engineering and M.S. in mathematics from The University of Iowa in 2015, and M.S. in electrical engineering from Colorado State University in 2012, while working on NASA’s Global Precipitation Mission Ground Validation (GPM-GV) weather radars. He received his B. Tech. summa cum laude (Gold Medal, Honors) in electronics and communication engineering from the National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur (NITH), India in 2003. He is currently National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) Harry Diamond Distinguished Fellow at United States Army Research Laboratory (ARL), Adelphi; technical adviser to Singapore-based automotive radar start-up Hertzwell; and honorary Research Fellow at SnT – Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust, University of Luxembourg. He had research appointments at Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Bengaluru; at IIHR – Hydroscience & Engineering, Iowa City, IA; Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs, Cambridge, MA; Qualcomm, San Jose; and Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. He is the recipient of Royal Meteorological Society Quarterly Journal Editor’s Prize (2017), Viterbi Postdoctoral Fellowship (2015, 2016), Lady Davis Postdoctoral Fellowship (2017), Technion EE Excellent Undergraduate Adviser Award (2017), DRDO LRDE Scientist of the Year Award (2006), NITH Director’s Gold Medal (2003), and NITH Best Student Award (2003). He has been an Associate Editor (Radar Systems) of IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems since 2020. He is a member of IEEE Massive MIMO and Satellite working groups of IEEE International Network Generations Roadmap and Synthetic Aperture Technical Working Group of IEEE Signal Processing Society. His research interests include signal processing, remote sensing, electromagnetics, communications, and deep learning.
Bio: M. R. Bhavani Shankar (SM’15) received Masters and Ph. D in Electrical Communication Engineering from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 2000 and 2007 respectively. He was a Post Doc at the ACCESS Linnaeus Centre, Signal Processing Lab, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden from 2007 to September 2009. He joined SnT in October 2009 as a Research Associate and is currently a Research Scientist at SnT. He was with Beceem Communications, Bangalore from 2006 to 2007 as a Staff Design Engineer working on Physical Layer algorithms for WiMAX compliant chipsets. He was a visiting student at the Communication Theory Group, ETH Zurich, headed by Prof. Helmut Bölcskei during 2004. Prior to joining Ph. D, he worked on Audio Coding algorithms in Sasken Communications, Bangalore as a Design Engineer from 2000 to 2001. His research interests include Design and Optimization of MIMO Communication Systems, Radar and Array Processing, polynomial signal processing, Satellite communication systems, Resource Allocation, Game Theory and Fast Algorithms for Structured Matrices. He is currently on the Executive Committee of the IEEE Benelux joint chapter on communications and vehicular technology, member of the EURASIP Special Area Team (SAT) on Theoretical and Methodological Trends in Signal Processing and serves as handling editor for Elsevier Signal Processing. He was a co-recipient of the 2014 Distinguished Contributions to Satellite Communications Award, from the Satellite and Space Communications Technical Committee of the IEEE Communications Society. He has co-organized special sessions in ICASSP (2017, 18), SPAWC (2015, 16) and EUSIPCO (2015, 16).
Bio: Mari Kobayashi (M’06–SM’15) received the B.E. degree in electrical engineering from Keio University, Yokohama, Japan, in 1999, and the M.S. degree in mobile radio and the Ph.D. degree from École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications, Paris, France, in 2000 and 2005, respectively. From November 2005 to March 2007, she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. In May 2007, she joined the Telecommunications department at Centrale Supélec, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, where she is now a professor. She is the recipient of the Newcom++ Best Paper Award in 2010, and IEEE Comsoc/IT Joint Society Paper Award in 2011, and ICC Best Paper Award in 2019. She was an Alexander von Humboldt Experienced Research Fellow between September 2017 and April 2019 and is currently an August-Wihelm Scheer Visiting Professor at Technical University of Munich (TUM). She organized a number of special sessions and workshops including “ Physical Layer Challenges for High-Mobility Networks’’ at SPAWC 2019 and “V2X Communications’’ at ISWCS 2018. She is a co-chair of special sessions at SPAWC 2021. She is an associate editor for IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. Her research interests include joint state sensing and communication, classification, distributed source coding.